• Bolshephobia
  • In Russia, the shadow of the Communist past hangs heavy over its populace, where Communist leaders imposed strict rules about income, religion, and politics. The early Bolsheviks objected to white cows, thinking the color would remind the peasants of the royalists. In 1919 the Central Committee ordered all white cows dyed red. Those who opposed the Bolshevik regime paid a heavy price. Executions, separations from friends and family, and prison sentences in rough barracks where food and water were scarce, were oftentimes the punishment. Stalin, a bloodthirsty dictator, is the primary trigger for this phobia.
  • Over 80 cows each painted red, and positioned in place to form an army.
  • Giveaway items, poppy and beet seeds as well as buttons El Lissitzky inspired, fight the red with the white and the white with the red.
  • My interpretation what a communistic chess set would look like. Everyone is equal in a gray world of steel and working class. Steel over steel.
  • Close up view of one of the slides in the viewfinder. The viewfinder explained the story of the historical events, and the cruelty communism brought to the society. 
  • Hole nr. 12 was impossible to play, partly due to the arrangement of the red army of cows blocking the pathway. Only very few players were actually able to get the ball in the hole. The difficulty was very much done intentionally due to the subject matter of this project.
  • Whoever decided to play hole nr. 12 was fed bread.